Rainforests constitute about 2% of the globe and are the habitat of 50% of the animals and plants in the world.
It is said correctly that it is the “world’s largest pharmacy”.
In this article, you will get to know about the following rainforests to visit around the world,
- Amazon Rainforest
- Valdivian Rainforest
- Congo Rainforest
- Tongass National Forest
- Pacific Temperate Rainforest
- Papua Rainforest
Let’s see each of these in detail…
1. Amazon Rainforest
The amazon rainforest or the amazon jungle, is the world’s largest tropical rainforest, with an area of 5,500,000 sq. kilometres.
The rainforest runs through Peru, Brazil, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Columbia, Surinam, French Guiana and Guyana, thereby covering most of the Amazon basin.
The amazon river is a significant part of the rainforest. The jungle has over 390 billion individual trees and the species being 16,000.
The region shelters about 2.5 million species of insects, 2200 pieces species, 1297 birds, 427 mammals,428 amphibians, and 378 reptiles, which are known by scientists as of now.
The water has piranhas and electric eels which can be dangerous to humans. There are other species of poisonous animals and plants that dwell in the rainforest.
This rainforest is considered to be the lung of the Earth. The destruction of the biodiversity of the rainforest is creating concerns among Environmentalists, as the destruction of such jungles will cause the planet to degrade slowly in every aspect.
2. Valdivian Rainforest
The Valdivian rainforest is of the temperate kind and takes up an area of about 248,100 sq. kilometres.
It is situated on the western coast of the southern part of South America. The forest is very foggy and has characteristic rainfall.
The forest is accentuated with bamboo, ferns, conifers, angiosperm trees, ice sheets, a central valley, glaciers and narrow coastal strips.
Many rare plant species are found in this forest along with Chiles’s national flower, the Copihue.
The jungles ecosystem is divided into four types, the northern end has the deciduous forest, the second one is the Valdivian laurel leaves the forest, the third is the Patagonian Andean Forest, which is along the Andes mountains, and the fourth one is the Northern Patagonian Forest.
This forest is home to so many species of flora and fauna, along with a lot of rare ones. A lot of effort is being given in case of conserving the rainforest.
3. Congo Rainforest
Congo Rainforest covers an area of 1,780,000 sq. kilometres and is the second largest rainforest in the world.
The forest provides a way to the second largest river by volume, the Congo River, in the globe.
Cameroon, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Angola, the Central African Republic, the Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Tanzania, Burundi and Zambia have parts of their land in the Congo basin.
The biodiversity in this rainforest is magnificent. It’s the residing place of the elephants, okapi, chimpanzees, lions, bonobos, Gorillas and numerous others.
There are over 600 species of trees and 10,00 animal species, 1000 native bird species and 700 fish species.
It has the lowest deforestation rate amongst any other major tropical rainforest.
4. Tongass National Forest
Tongass National Forest is the biggest rainforest in the whole United States. It covers an area of 16.7 million acres and most of the area is covered with temperate rainforest.
This national forest circumscribes the fjords and glaciers, the inlands of Alexander Archipelago, and the Coast mountains.
The international border with Canada also goes along the boundary ranges of the Coast mountains.
It has numerous endangered and rare species of flora and fauna. The main constituents of the forest include western hemlock, western red cedar and Sitka spruce.
Among terrestrial animals, there are Sitka black-tailed deer, wolves, ravens, mountain goats, black bears and multiple others.
In the water, there are Orcas, sea lions, seals, sea otters, river otters, Humpback whales and porpoises.
There will also find five species of salmon and the famous bald eagle. There is an abundance of wildlife in this national forest.
5. Pacific Temperate Rainforest
Pacific Temperate Rainforest is located in the western part of the Pacific coast range. It is the largest temperate rainforest in the globe.
This rainfall receives a very high percentage of rainfall and the temperate remains moderate in both the summer and winter times.
Conifers are predominant in this ecoregion, sometimes with an undergrowth of ferns, shrubs and broad-leaf trees.
You will find western hemlock and Sitka spruce as the main attraction in the northern part of the forest, while on the coastal side of the forest, there is coast redwood, western red cedar, coast Douglas fir and shore pine.
Every inch of the rainforest is filled will rich growths of vegetation and mosses covering almost every tree.
There are more than 15000 new species and usual individuals include opossums, coyotes, racoons, Ensatinas, Black-tailed deer, bullfrogs, red foxes, Roosevelt elk, banana slug, gulls, mice, moles and numerous others.
It is home to the endangered spotted owl.
6. Papua Rainforest
Papua Rainforest is located between two countries: Indonesia province of West Irian Jaya and Papua to the west and Papua New Guinea to the east.
It has the most divergent and unique flora and fauna species on the earth and covers an area of 76,808 sq. kilometres.
The climate of this region varies with the altitude, humid and tropical in the lowlands and freezing cold in the highest parts of Owen Stanley Range.
The natural vegetation includes evergreen humid rainforest, sub-alpine grasslands and shrublands.
138 different species of mammals are present in the ecoregion, and the species of Aves are 510.
The forest is also known for the largest count of different orchid species on the globe.
These are some of the popular rainforests that you can visit from around the world.
All kinds of rainforests and jungles are life-supporting areas for our planet.
We must be aware of the protection of all the rainforests and the flora and fauna they hold in them.
In this way, we will get a better for us to live.
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